Black Figure Dinos Fragment

Title

Black Figure Dinos Fragment

Description

This fragment of Attic pottery dates back to the 6th-century workshop of Sophilos, who is one of the oldest Attic potters we can still call by name thanks to the artist signatures he wrote on his works. This reconstructed rim depicts a scene from the ending books of The Iliad.

According to myth, Achilles has, at this point, killed Hector and dragged his corpse around the city of Troy three times in vengeful retribution of the death of Patroklus, Achilles' beloved. Achilles has allowed neither Hector's nor Patroklus' body to go through proper funeral rites, wallowing in his ungodly rage and grief. Finally, Achilles is convinced to bury the body of Patroklus. After the burial, Achilles sets about hosting a spectacular set of funeral games in honor of his beloved Patroklus. Shortly afterward, Achilles also releases the body of Hektor back to Troy. The burying of the body of Patroklus, the funeral games, and the release of Hektor mark an end to Achilles mighty rage as well as an end to The Iliad.

This fragment of an ancient dinos (a mixing bowl for wine) depicts these very same funeral games to Patroklus. Along the upper rim a black figure rooster, lion, goat, and two other partial animals walk in either direction. Directly below this, a looping collar has been designed that alternates between red and black.

The main scene shows a four-horse chariot racing across towards a seated crowd of spectators. Behind the heads of the horses, we can still see an "ΟΣ" written. This was once the masculine singular nominative noun ending of the name of the racing chariot's driver.

The audience, done in the black figure and painted with red detail, sit on bleachers watching the horses. In the airspace before the audience, two lines are written almost as if to imply that the words were hanging in the air from their last cheer. "ΣΟΦ[Ι]ΛΟΣ:ΜΕΓΡΑ[ΠΣ]ΕΝ // ΠΑΤΡΟϘΛΥΣ:ΑΤΛΑ" slopes downwards across the bowl, written in a rather sloppy script. Some letters have been lost in the fragmentation of the bowl. Both lines are written in retrograde.

We can see the beginning of another crowd sitting on the backside of the bleachers facing the other direction. While we no longer have the part of the bowl showing what they were watching, we know it must've been something featuring Achilles because the name, "ΑΧΙΛΕΣ" also rises from the crowd.

Below all of these events, we can see the floor of the Earth held up on the decorative heads and tails of lions.
On fragment: (left to right) ΟΣ // ΣΟΦ[Ι]ΛΟΣ: ΜΕΓΡΑ[ΠΣ]ΕΝ // ΠΑΤΡΟϘΛΥΣ: ΑΤΛΑ // ΑΧΙΛΕΣ

Transcription: ...ος. Σόφ[ι]λος μ' ἔγρα<ψ>εν. Πατρόϙλυς: αθλά. Αχίλες

Translation: "Sophilos painted me. The funeral games of Patrokles. Achilles."

Creator

Sophilos

Source

"15499" National Archaeological Museum, Athens http://www.namuseum.gr/collections/vases/archaic/archaic12-en.html

Date

580-570 BCE

Contributor

Pria Jackson, Tina Salowey (photo)

Rights

Images provided for non-commercial research and reference use only. No permission is required from the rights-holder(s) for educational uses. For other uses, you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s). Should you have use questions or any legal concerns about this image or collection, please contact the Wyndham Robertson Library.

Format

clay
Attic (Mainland Greek pottery styles); Black-figure

Language

Ancient Greek

Identifier

DinosBF_Fragment_01

Coverage

Athens, Periféreia Protevoúsis, Greece
Athens, Periféreia Protevoúsis, Greece

Citation

Sophilos, “Black Figure Dinos Fragment,” Hollins University Library Digital Exhibits, accessed October 22, 2019, http://digitalexhibits.hollins.edu/items/show/54.

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