Introduction

About this exhibit

This exhibit seeks to foster a deeper understanding of Ancient Greek using real Greek inscriptions, and was created by and for students of Ancient Greek. The exhibit contains images of a number of inscriptions, commentary and translations of the inscriptions, and a timeline and map placing them in context.

Some of the inscription types within this exhibit include boundary inscriptions, grave inscriptions, building inscriptions, votive inscriptions, vase inscriptions, and mosaics. From Linear B to modern inscriptions, the exhibit also provides a range of inscriptions over time. While encountering real texts may seem daunting, the goal of this exhibit is to provide a resource for students to work with actual texts as they appear in order to encounter Greek outside of a textbook—and in the wild.

How to use this exhibit

This exhibit includes a map & timeline that situates the inscriptions temporally & geographically, a page of detailed inscription translations and commentaries; a term glossary, a bibliography, and a page that describes the process of creating this exhibit.

All of these links can be found on the navbar to the left.

What is epigraphy?

Epigraphy is the science concerned with the interpretation, classification, etc. of inscriptions. (Oxford English Dictionary)

Epigraphical Conventions

When studying an inscription on stone, an epigrapher might encounter damaged letters. Epigraphers have a set of symbols to use in order to indicate what they think might be there. Looking at a transcribed text can be confusing with the various symbols, but the symbols allow for a greater understanding of the actual appearance of the stone without necessarily having it for reference.

.                        A dot under a letter indicates that the letter is unclear

. . .                   A series of dots mean that there are missing letters

[ ]                     Square brackets indicate missing letters that have been restored by the editor

( )                     Parenthesis fill in an abbreviation

< >                   Angled brackets indicate a correction to the stone—for instance, fixing a

                        spelling error

{ }                   These brackets indicate repeated letters or words

⟦ ⟧                   Double brackets indicate a rasura, a deletion or erasure that can be restored

v                      Vacat, denotes that a single letter is missing